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Geology

Rootsicles

Rootsicles

As our caves are quite shallow in many areas, roots very often extend into them in search of water. In areas where you have air spaces entrapped or air domes there is an ongoing calcification process of the roots that from so called rootsicles. As the fossilisation […]

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Calcite Rafts

Calcite Rafts

Calcite Rafts are formed when due to the oversaturation of the water with calcite it precipitates and clogs to these small rafts on the surface together. These rafts become after while too heavy to be supported anymore by osmotic tension and sink to the bottom and form […]

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Cenote Zapote

Cenote Zapote

This story started back in 2009 and I was invited this year to co-author a short article on it that later was published in the NSS (National Speleological Society) News March 2012. I am extremly proud as this is the first big cave diving related publication for […]

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Stalagmites

Stalagmites

(from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalagmite) are a type of speleothem that rises from the floor of a limestone cave due to the dripping of mineralized solutions and the deposition of calcium carbonate. This stalagmite formation occurs only under certain pH conditions within the underground cavern. The corresponding formation on the […]

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Halocline

Halocline

Between two liquids of different densities, always an interface forms in between. Just imagine an oil and vinegar dressing. In the Yucaten aquifer, a similar interface permenantly exists between the fresh and saline waters and is called the halocline (from the APSA Cavern guide manual, section hydrogeology) […]

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